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To the question about detergents for sanitary and hygienic treatment in a multi-profile hospital

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25879979-2021-08-07
Issue: 
8
Year: 
2021

A.M. Morozov, N.S. Novikova, A.V. Kargaltseva, A.A. Popova Tver State Medical University. 170100, Tver, Sovetskaya, 4

In the modern world, asepsis and antiseptics occupy one of the key positions in surgery. In clinical practice, these areas are mutually complementary and inseparable from each other. Destruction or reduction of the number of pathogenic microorganisms on objects of inanimate nature is called disinfection. There are such groups of disinfectants as: halogen-containing, oxygen-containing, surfactants, guanidines, alcohols, aldehyde-containing compounds. The variety of tasks facing disinfectants dictate the need to use substances that have both effectiveness, safety and a number of different special properties, such as bactericidal, fungicidal, virucidal, etc. At the same time, it is necessary to take into account the effect of disinfectants on the skin of medical personnel, aggressive bactericidal agents lead to irritation of the skin of the hands and, over time, the formation of allergic reactions. It is impossible to single out an ideal group of disinfectants that would be universal, each group has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is important to note that the use of disinfectants must first of all be safe for medical personnel and patients, not cause unwanted side effects and at the same time be effective in relation to hospital microflora.

Keywords: 
disinfectants
surgical hospital
nosocomial infection



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