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Back pain (dorsalgia) in the practice of a nurse

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25879979-2022-04-06
Issue: 
4
Year: 
2022

V.V. Skvortsov, N.D. Matveye, D.N. Zadumin
Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Volgograd state medical university» of the ministry of health of the Russian Federation

In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of patients with diseases of the musculoskeletal system, often leading to the disability of patients. A special place in the structure of diseases of the musculoskeletal system is occupied by the lesion of the spine, which causes the development of back pain (dorsalgia). Dorsalgia is one of the most common reasons for patients seeking medical attention, ranking fifth among all visits. Dorsalgias are an extremely urgent problem in modern medicine. This is due to their widespread prevalence in the population, frequent damage to young people of working age, which also determines the socio-economic significance of this problem. Thus, episodes of back pain develop annually in half of the working-age population, most often occurring in persons aged 20 to 50 years. According to epidemiological studies, 63.5% of people develop dorsalgia at the age of 35–45, and in terms of the incidence of temporary disability they rank third after respiratory and circulatory diseases, accounting for about 25% of the total loss of working time.

Keywords: 
pain
dorsalgia
muscle relaxants
nurse
nursing
nursing practice



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