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Prevention of oncological diseases in the work of nursing staff

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25879979-2023-08-03

V.V. Skvortsov, F.Z Tagiyev, K.A. Durnoglazova
Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Volgograd state medical university» of the ministry of health of the Russian Federation, email: [email protected]

Cancer prevention is currently divided into primary and secondary prevention. Primary prevention is a set of measures that prevents the development of the cancer process and includes, for example, health counseling and education, environmental control and product safety. Secondary prevention is a set of measures leading to the detection and control of cancer or precancerous processes at their localization, that is, screening, early detection and effective treatment. The risk of developing cancer exists throughout life for everyone, although it can vary in intensity in different groups. Together, primary and secondary prevention should be combined into optimal strategies throughout life that are best understood and evaluated in accordance with certain basic concepts of cancer epidemiology. The purpose of this article is to give a brief overview of these concepts applied to primary and secondary cancer prevention in humans. A deeper understanding of these concepts is essential for planning, implementing and evaluating prevention programs.

risk factors
nursing staff.

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