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Preventive activities of a nurse when caring for patients with bronchial asthma. Participation in asthma school

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25879979-2024-04-01

K.I. Grigorуev(1), N.M. Shustikova(2), L.F. Nemtyreva(2), N.E. Polyakova(2), O.F. Vykhristyuk(1), A.Yu. Pinigina(2), M.V. Eliseeva(2),
1-Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I. Pirogov of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow
2-Faculty of Medicine, University «SYNERGY», Moscow

Bronchial asthma is a common disease of an allergic nature, often occurring in a mild form. In real clinical practice, patients, due to limited knowledge, do not always provide self-control over the symptoms of the disease. The nurse›s task is to teach the patient basic self-control skills. This is largely facilitated by the participation of medical workers in the asthma school. In most cases, improper use of inhalers and discontinuation of basic therapy with inhaled glucocorticosteroids leads to deterioration of control, despite the satisfactory general condition of the patients. As a result of inadequate control, patients lead a more passive lifestyle, reduce daily physical activity, and gradually reduce or abandon sports and other active activities. The article clearly demonstrates the importance of asthma school in ensuring a high level of control over asthma, in real clinical practice, the formation of effective tactics and strategies for asthma treatment thanks to the personal participation of the patient.

bronchial asthma
asthma school
basic therapy

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