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On the possibility of using cell technologies in surgical practice.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25879979-2024-04-06

A.M. Morozov, E.U. Aslakhanova, K.R. Ispieva
FSBEI НЕ Tver SMU МОН Russia, Tver

Cell therapy is one of the promising areas of modern medicine. This field has become widespread in many medical specialties, but over the past few years, cell therapy has been attracting more and more attention from specialists in the surgical field. Special attention is paid to therapy based on the use of stem cells, which is explained by their ability to self-renew and differentiate. Due to their properties, stem cells directly act in the wound site, triggering tissue regeneration mechanisms, and some types of stem cells suppress inflammation processes. In surgical practice, the following stem cells are used to correct skin defects and treat wounds: mesenchymal stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells and embryonic stem cells, keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Each type of cell has its own advantages and is used in different directions. Many studies indicate the prospects of using cellular technologies in the treatment of diseases and wounds of various etiologies.

cell technologies
cell therapy
stem cells

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