Журнал включен в российские и международные библиотечные и реферативные базы данных
РИНЦ (Россия)
EBSCO
Ulrichsweb

Nursing in Israel: An Overview of Professional Training, Competencies, Practice Settings, and Working Conditions

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25879979-2020-08-07
Issue: 
8
Year: 
2020

С. Konson, North-West State Medical University named after I. I. Mec-hnikov Russian Health Ministry. Department of the Southern District, Israeli Ministry of Health

The Israeli health care system has been changing in recent years towards improving the qualifications of nursing professionals. Israel has decided at the state level to form the maximum possible staff of nursing specialists with higher education and the broadest possible qualifications – thus the category of “practicing nurses” is constantly decreasing in proportion to the total number of specialists. Due to the continual increase in life expectancy and the expansion of the of the senior citizens group within the total population, Israel – like most developed countries – faced a shortage of medical personnel in general, and nursing specialists in particular. To address this problem, the Israeli Ministry of Health has developed a specialized programme to encourage training in the profession of nurses, with an emphasis on training specialists with high academic education and specialization in specific areas of healthcare. This article provides an overview of nursing professional training system and the categories of nurses, in Israel, describes the working conditions and nurses rights protection issues, and demonstrates the status of nursing professionals and their level of autonomy in professional decision making.

Keywords: 
Nursing in Israel
Israeli nurses’ professional training
Israeli nurses’ competencies
Israeli nurses’ working conditions



References: 
  1. Izrail'skoe zakonodatel'stvo: Zakon o zdorov'e natsii, 1940, paragraf 19. URL: https://www.nevo.co.il/law_html/Law01/049_001.htm (data obraschenija: 09.10.2020)
  2. Protsedura poluchenija litsenzii na dejatel'nost' spetsialista po sestrinskomu delu // Ministerstvo Zdravoohranenija Izrailja. URL: https://www.nevo.co.il/law_html/Law01/049_001.htm (data obraschenija: 01.10.2020)
  3. Programma raboty Upravlenija sestrinskogo dela na 2020 god // Ministerstvo Zdravoohranenija Izrailja. URL: https://www.health.gov.il/UnitsOffice/nursing/Documents/nr_annual2020.pdf (data obraschenija: 30.09.2020)
  4. Podborka dannyh o grazhdanah Izrailja v vozraste 65 let i starshe k Mezhdunarodnomu dnju pozhilyh grazhdan, 2020 god // Otchet Tsentral'nogo Statisticheskogo Bjuro Izrailja. URL: https://old.cbs.gov.il/reader/newhodaot/hodaa_template.html?hodaa=202011314 (data obraschenija: 04.10.2020)
  5. Nerel, N., Yair, Y., Samuel, H., Riba, S., Reicher., S., Toren, O. Registered Nurses in Israel: Workforce Supply – Patterns and Trends // JDC-Brookdale Institute Publications. URL: https://brookdale.jdc.org.il/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/557-10-NursesStudy-ES-ENG.pdf (data obraschenija: 07.10.2020)
  6. Rasshirenie shtata spetsialistov po sestrinskomu delu – obnovlenie ot 18 sentjabrja 2017 goda // Direktiva Upravlenija sestrinskogo dela v Ministerstve Zdravoohranenija Izrailja. URL: https://www.health.gov.il/hozer/ND120_2017.pdf (data obraschenija: 10.10.2020)
  7. Toren, O., Kerzman, H., Kagan, I. The Difference Between Professional Image and Job Satisfaction of Nurses Who Studied in a Post-Basic Education Program and Nurses with Generic Education: A Questionnaire Survey // Journal of Professional Nursing, Volume 27, Issue 1, January–February 2011, Pages 28-34.
  8. Otchet o rashodah na vyplatu zarabotnyh plat v gosudarstvennom sektore 2017 godu // Otdel zarabotnyh plat i kollektivnyh dogovorov v Ministerstve Finansov Izrailja. URL: https://www.gov.il/BlobFolder/news/press_11022019/he/PressReleases_files_SalaryExpenses_Report2017-extended.pdf (data obraschenija: 12.10.2020)
  9. Otchet o vakansijah i predlagaemoj zarabotnoj plate spetsialistam po sestrinskomu delu // Agentstvo All-Jobs. URL: https://www.alljobs.co.il/User/SalaryCompound/position/?JobCategoryID=538 (data obraschenija: 11.10.2020)
  10. Profsojuz meditsinskih sester i medbrat'ev v Izraile [Elektronnyj resurs] URL: http://www.inu.org.il/?page_id=24 (data obraschenija: 03.10.2020)
  11. Interv'ju professora Tsvi Dvolatski [Elektronnyj resurs] URL: https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=740991443157350&id=174924466430720¬if_id=1602500078392250¬if_t=page_post_reaction (data obraschenija: 12.10.2020)
  12. Nissanholtz-Gannot, R., Rosen, B., Hirschfeld, M. The changing roles of community nurses: the case of health plan nurses in Israel // Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, vol. 6, Article number: 69 (2017)
  13. Otchet ob oprose patsientov hirurgicheskih i terapevticheskih otdelenij kasatel'no udovletvorennosti rabotoj spetsialistov po sestrinskomu delu // Upravlenie sestrinskogo dela i Otdel obschej meditsiny v Ministerstve Zdravoohranenija Izrailja. URL: https://www.health.gov.il/UnitsOffice/nursing/research/Documents/satisfaction-nursing.pdf (data obraschenija: 10.10.2020).